As a result of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) protocol aimed at fighting Global Warming negotiated in Kyoto “The Kyoto protocol”, the EU has agreed targets to reduce Green house Gases (GHGs) emissions. The level of all GHGs is translated into their equivalent CO2 levels for reference.
The EU target for the 15 Western Europe member states was an 8% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2012, relative to 1990 base levels, which was achieved. These countries have a target to reduce their CO2 emissions by 20% by 2020, relative to their 1990 levels.
In the UK DECC set a target of a 15% reduction in CO2 emissions between 2010 and 2020.
The EU and the UK are actively increasing the amount of Energy produced from Renewable Sources, which generate less CO2 in production, as one way to achieve the Kyoto targets.
To encourage renewable energy generation installations, the UK Government introduced Feed in Tariffs(FiTs). FiTs have successfully incentivised the installation of renewable energy technologies across Western Europe, especially the installation of Solar PhotoVoltaic (PV) electricity production in Germany, France, Spain and Italy.